John Jinks



Born c 1821 died 19 June 1881
Occupation, Policeman
Married Susan Ricketts October 29 1849 at St Philips Church ~ Birmingham

John Jinks was born in about 1821 in Fillongley, N Coventry,the son of George Jinks, a labourer and Fanny Jinks a washerwoman from Corley a mile or so away. He married Susan Ricketts in 1849 when he was 26 working as a labourer and living in Coleman Street; witnesses at their wedding were Mary Ann Edwards and Robert Wilson. By the birth of their first son James on March 23 1851 he had become a policeman, a job he was to have for the rest of his life according to the census returns but in 1874 at the marriage of James his occupation was down as a labourer again.

This must have been an error as he served in the policeforce as a PC for 24 years; he joined the Policeforce on 11 September 1851 aged 30, was posted to the 3rd Division headquarters at Staniforth Street covering Wheeler Street, Summer Lane, Gosta Green and Old Square in Birmingham.

Discipline records commenced around 1857 and are as follows:

5 July 1857

PC Jinks failed to attend at Court on July 4th for a remanded case

Cautioned

23 October 1860

Leaving his beat to take a drunk home instead of back to the police station

Cautioned

28th September 1862

Assaulting a civilian in Hanley Street without the slightest provocation

Reduced to 1st Class

24 December 1869

Failed to assist a civilian who had been assaulted

Cautioned

7 December 1870

Failed to wake up PC210 for 6 am duty

Cautioned

19 December 1870

Found drunk on duty at 3:00 am

Lost a days pay

28 August 1871 : 7 DAYS PAID LEAVE

6 November 1871

Drinking in a Public House whilst on duty

Lost a days pay

5 August 1872 : 10 DAYS PAID LEAVE

28 July 1873 : 10 DAYS PAID LEAVE

13 July 1874 : 7 DAYS PAID LEAVE


He resigned on superannuation on 9 May 1875. Maybe having a young family at such a late age with no older siblings to help took its toll as his last 3 children were born in 1864, August 1868 and August 1870 when he was aged 43, 47 and 49 respectively; his drinking on duty started when Mary Ann was 4 months old.

The constables were the backbone of the force and, not surprisingly, the lowest paid. In 1839 a constable in Birmingham earned between 16 and 18 shillings (80-90p) a week. The Victorian policeman.

He and Susan had their first son James on 23 March 1851 but no other children arrived until John Thomas was born in 1864 some 13 years later and then quickly after Albert Edward 19 August 1867 and Mary Ann 14 August 1870. No records of infant deaths can be found between the 2 eldest children but there was a baby (William George) born in 1865 who died 15 August 1866 at Coleman Street from Marasmus (literally wasting away) Matilda Ratford was present at the death. John died 19 June 1881 at home in Vale Place aged 60 from softening of the brain (dementia) for over 12 months his wife Susannah was present at the death.